Art And Technology

Advances in technology over the years have brought about a phenomenon caused by the fusion of computers and art. The commercial and entertainment industries have been transformed and overtaken by the vast use and demand for computer art. From web design and layout to special effects and animation, the use of computers for art and the skills needed to produce such things are in high demand. Currently one of the most popular uses of computer art is through web design for the Internet. Whether it is for personal use, non-profit organizations, government programs, or commercial use, Web pages are popping up everywhere. So to best understand this development in computer art, especially in Web design, it is important to know exactly what art is, the benefits of Web design, and the history of how art and the internet have come together. With the progressions in technology and art and the high demands thereof it can be expected to only increase in popularity.

Now, if you ask anyone what art is you are sure to get a different answer every time. Art is different things to all people. Some traditionalist scoff at the use of technology for art, while others insist it is the only way, and then there are those who believe everything in itself is a work of art. The saying that „beauty is in the eye of the beholder“ can be applied to art as well. For the sake of a definition though, Webster’s Dictionary defines art as „the conscious use of skill and creative imagination especially in the production of aesthetic objects.“ With an idea as to what might be considered art, look at it through the eyes of technology.

Computer art can pretty much be defined the same as you would define any form of art. The only difference is the method in which it is produced, and it this case the medium obviously being the computer. Thousands of computer software programs exist to help create graphic images, animation, layout, web pages, and 3D images, such as: Photoshop, Fireworks, Lightwave, Director, Freehand, Quark Express, Inspire 3D and Illustrator. Currently two of the most popular software for creating Web pages are Flash and Dreamweaver, which help save time and reduce the need of having an extended knowledge of HTML.

Programming languages such as HTML (hypertext markup language) are what make up a Web page. Traditionally Web pages were always made by written code. However, today that is not the case. Software programs enable the user to create Web pages with the click of a button, with very little knowledge of programming, if any. For the more advanced programmers the same is true, but these software programs also allow them to work side by side with the HTML code to customize or add to the given source. With all this talk of programming and code, it’s only common sense to question where the artistic side comes in to play.

With Web pages there are two sides to the creative and artistic elements of a Web page. The first comes with having an in depth knowledge of different programming languages such as JavaScript. Programming like this helps to make a Website more interesting. If used properly with the right amount of creativity, these skills can enhance a Web page and its navigation ability. Designing the layout of a Web page is the second and most important use of artist and creative talent when it comes to making a Web page. The appearance has to be something that is going to attract and hold the viewer’s attention. A Web page is used to convey a message or information of some extent, and if a Web page is not appealing visually, chances are the viewer will not take the time to explore the site or read the information. So it is crucial that the Website be strong both artistically and creatively, otherwise the Website will be in vain.

As mentioned before, Web pages are used by and for everyone with a universal purpose, to provide information. The Internet has made access to information a fast and quick process, but what exactly makes a good Web page? First and foremost it is important to focus on the graphic design basics such as color, layout, typography and HTML technology. Second, it is important to study the insights of leading graphic designers working outside the context of the Web to give you a framework for what constitutes „good design“ in general. Successful Websites come from a dedication to design shaped around content. If the layout and design does not aid the information being presented it is pointless. So there are many things to be careful about when making a Web page, because if it is not artistically made, viewers may not want to read it; if the layout does not represent the content, it takes away from the message. For this reason, Web designers who truly know what they are doing are much desired by businesses and corporations to design their Websites.

Salaries for Web designers can vary greatly, depending on your experience, your skills, and what exactly you would be doing. Plus, there are several titles and position dealing with the Web and Web design such as Site Builder, Designer, Executive Assistant, Site Manager, Senior Technical Consultant, Project Manager, Creative Director, Strategist, VP, and CEO. Designers on the average make around $45,500 while when you work your way to the top of the ladder; the VP and CEO make around $135,800 to $158,000. So there is definitely a lot of money to be made in the field of web design, but how did the Internet get to where it is today?

The history of the Internet has been relatively brief. In the1960’s an experiment was conducted by the U.S. Department of Defense that can be pin pointed as a place of origin for the Internet. The purpose of this experiment by the Department of Defense was to safeguard information in the event of a disaster or nuclear war through the networking of computers. It was necessary to have a way of protecting the network so that the system could still operate if part of the network were damaged. The answer that the Department of Defense came up with was the network known as ARPANET. This network made it possible for U.S. scientific and academic researchers to be linked together. The use of ARAPANET was the forerunner for today’s Internet.

The National Science Foundation, called NSFNET, created a series of networks for education, communication, and research in 1985. It created a national backbone service provided free to any U.S. research and educational institution based on ARPANET protocols. During this time, regional networks were being created to link individual institutions with the national backbone service. As more and more people learned about NSFNET it began to grow very rapidly. Soon, new software applications started popping up to help make access easier for everyone. Other corporations started to form their own networks to link up with NSFNET, such as Sprint and MCI. Since then, commercial firms and other regional network providers have taken over the operation of the major Internet arteries. And that brings us up to where we are today with the rapid use and development of the Internet.

Surfing the Web was not an easy task with the earlier platforms and browsers. The fact that the layout and design was so simplistic, mainly a gray background with black text did not make the Internet very user friendly. Today though, with bright and colorful WebPages, easy accessibility and navigation makes it possible for anyone to use the Internet. And a lot of the credit should go to the artist and programmers who have made Websites what they are today.

The rapid growth and history of the Internet is sure to only continue and progress with time. Possible things to expect are quicker connections, a wider availability and affordability in other countries, the ability to do things on the internet that might seem unconceivable at this point, for example no one would have ever thought you could buy groceries over the Internet, but now it is possible. However, things such as these do not lie in the hands of the web designer, rather it is the programmers and people behind the scene.

Art is a part of everyday life; it surrounds us everywhere we go. The combining of art with everyday objects and things heightens not only our appreciation, but our demand for them as well. This has been made obvious through the use of art and computers together, specifically on the Internet with Web pages. When surfing the Web from now on, pay attention to how many decisions are made based on appearances and special effects, then try to imagine the Web without them. The use of the Internet is going to continue to grow and develop with everyday that passes, and the use of artistic ability will be there every step of the way.

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Opportunities in Art

Everything changes continuously and the art world is no difference. I develop myself as an artist, my work evolves alongside and also the art world makes progress in a haphazard way.

At the beginning of my career I was an art school graduate visiting galleries with my portfolio. I studied the gallery advertisements and called them for an appointment when I thought my work would fit in. We would meet and when we felt a match we joined forces. This resulted in long-term contacts allowing me to present new work in the said gallery on a regular basis. I did not sell much, my work was considered the abstract note next to their more commercial items, the ones that did sell. I sometimes made a special piece for an art trail in a park of a public garden. At that very beginning I even received some money once for making and exhibiting my work. I was given a scholarship which allowed me a meagre sustenance while developing myself as an artist. I thought I had it made. Sales would start growing at some point, I worked hard and my reputation would grow. People just had to get to know me a little better before they would start buying my work.

Then I had children and disappeared off the face of the earth for a couple of years. The change in my personal life was so enormous that it also changed my work. Apart from that I was in a constant state of exhaustion due to the broken nights, I was just busy all day with my little ones. They were most important at that moment. But when my daughter was two years old I was crying out to exhibit again. I had made some things during those years but smaller and much more intimate than my previous work. And I no longer cared if people would like it or not, making accommodating things had become unbearable.

I woke up in a different world. Galleries had closed, not just one but lots of them. And that was only the beginning. I was no longer a bright young talent but a woman with children. And in this depleted world of art exhibition the galleries now asked me to pay them for exhibiting my work. I felt a strong rebellion against that. (In order to create my work I already have to make considerable investments and the making of an exhibition also costs money. The driving back and forth, materials needed to exhibit the work all cost money.) Artists had been declared Cultural Entrepreneur. Nowadays it’s completely normal to pay for the possibility to exhibit.

This change in art selling locations is still going on at the moment. Online galleries are rising. Artists are putting themselves on the market, literally. Galleries are still collapsing all the time, well-known places can’t manage it anymore. The way art is treated in this country is part of the problem. According to our government art is no longer valued. Therefore many artist escape abroad. To co operations and short-term exhibitions. To fairs. To new places that had never before been considered suitable for exhibitions.

Do you like art? There are numerous artist who would love to transform your living room into an exhibition area for a weekend. Just open up your house to guests and invite your network contacts. Throw a nice party! You will end up with an exclusive exhibition in your own home, helping out an artist and create an experience for your guests they will continue to talk about for a long time.

Art is a great gift.

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Source by Saskia De Rooy

Art Materials and Tools: Drawing – Pencils

Drawing is probably the most immediate of all art forms. It allows you to put down your observations instantly. In addition, all you really need to draw is a pencil and a sheet of paper (even a napkin will do).

Unfortunately, drawing is also one of the more demanding art forms and it takes a lot of practice to become really good at it. However, drawing is a real basic art form, i.e., it is a prerequisite to learning many other art forms such as painting and sculpting.

Above all, drawing is an excellent vehicle for learning to see the world as it „really“ is. It is a way to overcome the often greatly simplified memories of everyday objects we have stored in our brains since childhood.

Finally, drawing also allows you to put your own interpretation on your observations and ultimately lets you produce your very own art.

In this article we will discuss the various pencils used by the professional artist.

1. Graphite Pencils

Graphite pencils are the most direct and simplest of drawing tools. They are made from graphite and come in grades from very hard to very soft:

9H 8H … 2H H F HB B 2B 3B … 8B 9B
Hardest Softest

The F-pencil is somewhat of an odd duck in the series. It produces a fairly fine line and is often used to draw hair. The HB-pencil separates the hard pencils from the soft ones. In practice, you do not really ever use all 22 grades. I personally use mostly a 3B, a 5B, a 9B, and an F. For really fine lines I sometimes use a 2H pencil. But this is more of a personal preference and you should make your own choices.

Pencils do not cost much, so buy the best you can find. It is more than worth it. A good graphite pencil currently cost about a dollar.

2. Graphite Sticks

Graphite is also available in sticks. These sticks are usually wrapped in a plastic film. They are graded just like ordinary graphite pencils as we explained in Section 1. They are ideal for large-scale projects. They are also inexpensive so don’t be stingy and buy the best.

3. Colored Pencils

Colored pencils cannot be blended and must be built up in layers. Blending is achieved by putting one transparent layer of color on top of another. This way it is possible to obtain very interesting optical effects. Colored pencil art has made great strides in the last twenty or so years. Great pieces of art have been produced with colored pencils. Today, colored pencil art is very well respected and many artists specialize in creating very detailed and intricate drawings.

4. Water-soluble Pencils

This is the latest variety of pencil to come along. Water-soluble pencils provide a valid alternative to watercolors. The pencil marks turn into a watercolor-like wash when they are brought in contact with water. This wash can then be manipulated with a paint brush.

These four types of pencils are the most basic and have been used by most drawing artists. Of course, pencils are not the only tools that can be used to draw. Other drawing materials and tools will be discussed in future articles.

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Source by Remi Engels, Ph.D.

Where Can We Find Art In Our Day-To-Day Lives?

After the controversial appearance of Marcel Duchamp’s „Fountain“ in 1917, the world began to understand that art is not only to be found in a painting or sculpture, but rather can be made from anything around us. Later the enormous success of Pop art developed this theme. In other words, artists showed us that art is everywhere and we just need to train our eyes to see it and discover the potential in our world.

It is some time since art was exclusively the province of galleries and museums. While these remain main centers for art-lovers, the growth of street art, performance art, land art and many other innovative kinds of art have meant that it really can be something we see as we walk down the street, a part of our ordinary lives.

The world continues to change, and we become more demanding in our desire to bring some form of art to normal life. Furniture is carved or molded in unusual and creative ways, light fixtures can become works of art, while we expect a print if not an original work on many of the free walls we see on a regular basis, from our own homes to our offices to the doctor’s surgery.

Art rules our minds, it surrounds us on all sides. Going to work you can listen to a favorite piece of music through your earpieces, you can be inspired by a billboard or a piece of public art, or even recent graffiti. At lunch you may visit a gallery with a friend, or watch an art house film in the evening. One single day can include exposure to – and, if you are aware of it, appreciation of – so many different kinds of art.

Leonardo da Vinci said that there are three types of people: those who see, those who see when they are shown, those who do not see. Contemporary art tries to attract the attention of all these kinds of people, even the last type. Modern art is sometimes bright and flashy, but at the same time it is unexpected, it appears in displays we would never have thought about before.

Art is a way of finding beauty in the world, and adding a sense of joy to our lives. However it can also act as a way of dealing with the problems of existence that have bothered humanity for millennia. In a more abstract sense, it can influence the way you live and make your life itself a recognized thing of value. Somerset Maugham believed that life is an art, that every person creates a work of art just by living.

This is a powerful thing – in letting art become a part of our life and allowing it to form our lives, we can live in a world where everything can be art, or the inspiration for art, and where everyone can in some sense be an artist.

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Art Benefits Studies: Taking Art Out of Schools

There are finally some studies that are starting to prove what I have been saying all along. Art classes in schools help students improve across the curriculum. In The New York Times, a study was finally reported in the article „Guggenheim Study Suggests Arts Education Benefits Literacy Skill“ by Randy Kennedy. It just seems that such reports only come out every once in awhile. The news that is reported more regularly points toward cutting art classes from schools because they believe that schools need to concentrate more on reading, writing and arithmetic.

The problem is that these decisions are normally made by people who have no idea about the education process. All they understand are money and regulations. When we place our problems in the hands of legislatures, that’s what we can expect. Politicians take a look at the schools and see an art budget. They ask what impact art has on our students. But, not enough studies back the fact that art impacts learning across the curriculum.

Memorization of facts and repetition of processes are low level learning skills that seem to make the politicians happy. But, learning how to learn and solving problems are higher level thinking skills that students actually need. Art is a constant exercise of these skills.

The No Child Left Behind initiative actually increases student time spent on math and reading. Often cutting time spent on art, the schools deny students of the learning they need. When studying art, students are more likely to be able to describe their thoughts in greater detail, reason better with multiple critical factors, and predict findings from the information they have been given. Students without a strong art background are less likely to be able to think on those levels or to reach such thinking levels effectively.

It’s like we’re moving backward instead of forward. With all of the findings pointing towards the benefits of art in our schools, it’s hard to believe why politicians and school boards are considering cutting art from the curriculum. As the debate rages, it will only help that we increase studies and keep reporting the findings. Our dim future of facts and figures will only change into a bright one with art and culture if we keep pressing our point the way the opposition does.

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The Dark Art of Seduction To Make A Woman Interested In You Forever!

Many times in the past you might have tried approaching the women of your fantasies. In order to catch her interest and sexual arousal, you thought to do an interesting story, make magic tricks, create an interest and ask her about it and pay close attention to her talking… To your dismay, she is more excited by the Dick behind you who looked more like a drunk and gangster! In the end, she says, “ Nice meeting you, but you are obstructing my way to him!“, and shows you the Dick who is grinning at her like a wolf!

This is the mistake that you have made –

WHAT you say is less important than HOW you say it – period!

So if you are reading this article for more jokes and one liners and magic tricks, please go home!

What I am about to give you is to discover the ultimate secret of making women fall in love with you by getting them to be interested in you instead! And it does not matter what you say or do!

If you want to start and finish a topic like what teachers all told you to, you can just help to make the women sleep faster by getting them bored to death!

The Dark Side – The unfinished secret art of seduction.

When you leave an unfinished idea or story, it becomes more captivating and the people around you want the build-up to the ending, if there is one in the first place.

In the context of attracting beautiful young women, you force them to pay close attention to you.

If you decided to introduce yourself, you will tell her your name, your job and what you do for a living. Unless you say you are a billionaire, anything else will have been blown to the wind!

But if you start telling her that she has something of grave importance that you just could not even whisper to her, this will indeed pour a sense of intrigue around you and she will be ever so curious about you.

What you did is to shift the interest from you to her, into a situation where she is interested in you instead right now!

That is a very powerful dark technique indeed!

Perhaps when you meet your woman of your dream, you might want to say this, „Hi, I’m Edward, but I prefer to be called Forest Gump!“ And she will ask why. You might want to add whether she knows the movie on „Forest Gump“, and if she does, you can tell her you like the guy who was always focused in what he did and became a billionaire! Now, that adds up a lot and she will find you quite curious to know as you too wants to become a billionaire! Interesting!

You could even say that Forest was a guy who was straight-forward, and wishing you were the same, you would have asked her for a simple kiss on her cheek to show that she is very hot and pretty and to show an appreciation of what a beautiful woman she is! Then you will sign in sadness that you are not Forest and you decide to gaze into her eyes. You will be surprised what she will ask from you next!

Are you prepared to go to bed with her at this point in time!

The dark art of seduction to make a woman interested in you rules ever so easily! Are you ready for more?

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Source by Edward Edmund Knight

Art for the Non-artist: of Course It’s Possible

Can a non-artist who understands the benefits of art learn how to teach others art? First of all, most people would ask at this point why someone would want to do that. The answer to that question has many angles from having an art workshop of your own to learning a valuable talent that will keep on giving for years to come. So, let’s explore that and then we’ll go over some points about how a non-artist can learn how to teach art.

A non-artist doesn’t have to miss out on the business explosion that will take place as art workshop centers start sprouting up throughout the country. Art workshop centers are the answer to education budget cuts that move to take art out of schools. They provide parents with an answer for making sure their kids keep art in their lives. Art workshop centers are also the leading rest and relaxation activity of baby boomers approaching retirement. They not only want to engage in art. They want to engage in the business of art as a supplemental income.

Art workshop centers are virtually anyone’s enterprise. When people participate in art, they feel the benefits almost immediately. They become relaxed and yet, focused at the same time. They have a relief from the world of stress that they must endure daily. Plus, they have a fun task that they feel is worth doing. Most people get stuck in the day to day routines of their lives and they look at their daily tasks as things they have to do instead of want to do. But, they feel guilty that taking time for personal reasons to work on an art project is leisure that they are not allowed to enjoy.

Even the non-artist can see that there is a need here. Educating the community on the benefits of art and making people understand that they need art in their lives is a first step. Then, you can provide the people of your community with a place they can go to learn and enjoy art. You can provide an art workshop center. A place that is totally involved in art, where everyone is there for art and where people can feel at home exploring art. But, the non-artist might not feel welcome in that community. So, we bring the non-artist into the community!

Learning art and becoming certified to run your own art workshop is not hard at all. I’ve taught plenty of people The Rivky Method tm. Some of my students had absolutely no artistic ability at all. But, it was great watching the light bulb go off on top of their head when they finally understood the basic concepts I was trying to teach them. They learned how to see an object for what it was. They learned how to transfer what they saw to a surface. And they learned how to look around and start viewing art through the artist’s eyes.

I’ve certified plenty of my students and now they are off running their own art workshops. It’s phenomenal to see the transformation. And I know that the benefits of art are getting introduced to different communities. I’m no longer leading my own campaign. Non-artists and artists alike are reaching out to people who want art, know that they need art and have no way of exploring art. From the parent to the child, from the retired to the lady just beginning, everyone can benefit from art. So, art workshop centers are needed.

Any entrepreneur would have recognized an opportunity by now. But, not just for the business people in our world. Art workshop centers are great for the stay at home mom. They are perfect for the person approaching retirement who just wants to find something enjoyable to do that will bring in some extra money. The only thing is that art workshop centers have a tendency to become very lucrative.

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Source by RivkyShimon

The Art Of An Essayist By AC Benson – Key To Good Living

An essay is something the writer writes himself. According to Benson, since the very birth of the essay as a genre in the hands of Montaigne, the essay has been a comfortable mixture of the personal and the subjective, and in fact has been the most personal of all genres. The personal touch breathes life and charm into the essay through the personality of the essayist. The charm is evident because the essay is something the writer writes himself where he lays bare his heart in a most confidential manner. An essay can be on a variety of subjects but it should above all exhibit an interest in life. It should reflect the pleasing personality of the author and also change the outlook of the reader. Thus Benson writes, Montaigne, the father of the essay in literature, while writing his essays is concerned with the ‚man Montaigne‘. Thus the essay is a reverie for the essayist – it is a loose sequence of thoughts, irregular in nature which dwells on the moment and allows the writer to dwell within and correspond to himself. Montaigne employed such a technique wonderfully while he wrote his essays, presenting a certain mood of the mind, and infusing charm by being intimate and personal.

An essay is something the essayist does by himself. For the essay we may go back to Cicero or Plato. Cicero dealt with abstract topics with a romantic background. Plato discussed speculative and ethical problems of life and tried to find a philosophical interest. The English temperament lacks the charm of Montaigne. They are too prejudiced, secretive, closely guarded about their privacy. But Lord Brougham proved that one can maintain privacy at the same time display oneself.

Sir Thomas Browne’s Religio Medici or Urn Burial contained essays of elaborate rhetorical style. Addison in The Spectator dealt with delicate humour. Charles Lamb dealt with the romantic and homely. De Quincy wrote impassioned autobiography while Pater used the essay for exquisite artistic sensation. In all these writings the common strain is the personal element, the essay reflects the personality of the author.

An essayist is not a poet. An essayist deals to some extent with humour. But humour is alien to poetry which is more of a sacred and solemn mood. The poet is emotional, reverential, excitable, in search of the sublime and the uplifted. He wants to transcend the mundane petty daily frets, the discordant, undignified elements of life. The similarity of the essayist with the poet is that an essayist can also make an effort to kindle emotion. But an essayist uses the commonest materials of life and transforms simple experiences with a fairy tale delicacy and romantic glow. Behind all forms of art whether, whether poetry or prose lies the principle of wonder, of arrested attention. It need not only be the sense of beauty, but also the sense of fitness, strangeness, completeness, effective effort. The amazement a savage feels on seeing a civilized city is not the sense of beauty but the sense of force, mysterious resources, incredible products, unintelligible things. He also sees the grotesque, absurd, amusing and jocose. The essayist deals with these basic emotions. He filters out the salient matters from these instinctive emotions and records them in impressive language.

So an essayist is a spectator of life. As catalogued in Browning’s poem „how It Strikes A Contemporary“ the essayist’s material is watching the cobbler at trade, the man who slices lemon, the coffee-roaster’s brazier, the books on stalls, the bold-print posters on the wall, a man beating his horse or cursing a woman and so on. The essayist selects his setting, maybe a street, countryside or picture gallery. But once he selects he has to get into the heart of it.

The essayist must have largeness of mind. He cannot simply indulge in his activity whether of a politician or a thief with the sole objective of making profit. He cannot be prejudiced in his favours, i.e. he should not hate his opponents and favour his friends. If he condemns, despises, disapproves he loses sympathy. He must have an all encompassing mind to enjoy all he thinks worth recording, and not be narrow minded. Close jacketed persons like a banker, social reformer, forensic pleader, fanatic, crank or puritan cannot be an essayist. The essayist has to be broadminded but not moral. He must be tolerant, he must discern quality, he must be concerned with the general picture of life in connection with setting and people, not aims and objectives.

The charm of the essayist lies in translating a sense of good humour, graciousness, reasonable nature and in the effort to establish a pleasant friendship with the reader. One does not read the essay for information or definition, but to find an acceptable solution to a mass of entangled problems which arise in our daily lives and in our relationships with people. The essayist would take up some problem of daily life and delve into it to find out reasons for our fitful actions, reasons for our attraction or repulsion towards people and try to suggest a theory for it. Reading an essay a reader should be compelled to confess that he had thought in the same vein but had never discerned the connection. The essayist must realize that most people’s convictions are not a result of reason but a mass of jumbled up associations, traditions, half understood phrases, loyalties, whims etc.

The essayist must consider human weakness, not human strength. But while accepting human weakness he must try to infuse flashes of idealism in them. He should keep in mind that human mind in spite of weakness is capable of idealism, passionate visions, irresponsible humour which may shoot from dull cloudy minds. The task of the essayist is to make the reader realize his self worth, that every human mind is capable of getting hold of something big and remote which however may not always be clear in our minds. Human nature is indecisive, it vacillates. The confessed aim of the essayist is to make the reader see that every person has a part to play in life, they have an interest to take in life, that life is a game full of outlets and pulsing channels and life is not only meant for millionaires or politicians.

The essayist therefore ultimately teaches that life is not just about success but in fullness. Success may blur our vision of life and make a person full of self importance. What matters is how much a person can give than take.

The similarity between an essayist and a poet is that both perceive the greatness of life. But the essayist works with humbler material. The essayist is not a romancer because he does not deal with fancy but homely material. The essayist has to detect the sublimity of life. Life is not always exciting, not always expectant of something about to happen. There are monotonous gaps in between. An essayist’s task is to bring out something rich and strange out of those monotonous gaps.

Thus an Essay as a genre cannot be strictly classified too. It is like an organ prelude that can be moderated, modulated and coloured. It is to some extent criticism of life too. It is a learning process that teaches not to condemn the negative but perceive the fullness of life and encompass all experience. An essayist is an interpreter of life. He is within a short compass a combination of the historian, philosopher, poet, novelist. He observes and analyses life, colours it with his fancy, enjoys the charm and quality of simple things and endeavours to make others lead a better life.

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Source by Anuradha Basu

Art Games for Adults

When it comes to family get togethers and neighborhood barbeques what better way to spend the season than playing some fun filled games. Share your love of art with your friends and family by involving them in some of the most celebrated art games of all time. Here is a list of art games for adults that you should take part next time you have a room filled with fun people.

1. Pictionary: This game is still one of the most loved art games to this day. As one of the best-known drawing games, Pictionary is a very fun game to play in any social setting. This needs three or more players and a couple of art easels with endless sheets of paper. How it works is one team member gets a word and has to draw out what it is while the other team member guesses what it is. This happens in 60 seconds flat and the teams alternate turns. You can purchase this game at any major department store. It comes in themed editions and it’s super affordable.

2. Barbarossa: This is a really fun game for three to six players in their teens or early adult age. What happens is each player has to sculpt a word in clay. You will get penalized if it’s too easy or it is too hard. The remaining players have to guess the word using a circular, movable board to ask questions. The key is, you have to have the gold to move. This is a great game to play with the family.

3. Cranium: This is a great trivia game that involves a lot of creativity. You wear one of four different hats: the Creative Vat, the Data Head, the Star Performer, or the Word Worm. The reason why this game is so dun is that you will be drawing, acting, sculpting, whistling, spelling, crying, laughing, whatever it possibly takes for your team member to figure out the answer. This game needs at least four or more players and it’s a hoot.

During the holiday season you may want to gather up the crowd for night filled of hilariously fun art games. Choose from the top three art games of all time or browse your local department store for more ideas.

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What Is Art Nouveau?

Origins & Context

Art Nouveau was named after a Parisian shop (Maison de l’Art Nouveau), which opened in 1895, however the style defined in the history books took place between 1900 and 1914.

Life at that time, just before the Great War, was simpler; a horse-drawn carriage was still the main mode of transport and bicycling the latest craze; most women didn’t work though all households had domestic help; electricity and phones were available but TV and radio were not – the gramophone provided the in-house media entertainment. And for those who could afford it, the home was decorated in the latest style – Art Nouveau.

Two Styles in One

The work of the Art Nouveau period – Horta’s Paris Metro sign, Toulouse Lautrec & Klimt’s art, Frank Lloyd Wright’s buildings, Gaudi’s mosaics – splits clearly into two styles. However, despite looking worlds apart, their essence came from the same place – namely it was organic.

Curvilinear

In France, Belgium, Italy and Spain, the Art Nouveau style was curvilinear – everything looked as though it would wake up and grow as soon as you left the room.

Horta’s Metro sign in Paris beautifully represents the curvilinear Art Nouveau style – its organic swirls in the lettering depicting nature and growth. The idea of growing from seed to stem to plant can be seen in the flowing lines of many pieces of furniture and decorative items of this period. Furniture looked like it was growing naturally – handles made to look like tendrils; corners and fronts of cabinet decorated in foliage and balustrades twisted and turned to depict vines.

Nature

Glasswork also beautifully represented the natural shapes of the style and Emile Gall and Tiffany produced some graceful and ornamental pieces – lamps, bowls, vases as well as glass pieces designed for furniture. Furniture and accessories alike bloomed with emblems from nature – butterflies, grasses, birds and flowers.

Art & Jewellery

In the art world the works of Mucha, Cheret, Toulouse-Lautrec and Gustav Klimt dominated the period. Long flowing hair, entwined lovers kissing and beautiful women were their subjects. In jewellery, the same organic shapes could be seen; necklaces of flower trails; brooches depicting sirens – there was a sense of poetry and romanticism in every piece.

Rectilinear

In Germany, Austria and Britain, however, the Art Nouveau style was distinctly rectilinear – with well-defined lines surrounding even the most delicate of decoration.

Charles Rennie Mackintosh

The work of Charles Rennie Mackintosh – the iconic rose framed between strong black lines, the high backed chairs and industrial windows were trademark pieces and the Hill House in Helensburgh, just outside Glasgow, epitomises his residential interior style.

Fitted furniture

The furniture was specifically designed to fit the interior (something unheard of until then), which would have included built-in window seats, cupboards, settles and bookcases made from woods such as cherry, walnut, mahogany, satinwood and light oak.

Colour

The colours from this period were peacock blue, turquoise, emerald green, pale lilac, black and silver, white and pink. They were used together to form an ethereal look to walls and quite psychedelic effects in the glasswork.

Research

The Art Nouveau style is still very much in evidence particularly in Barcelona in Gaudi’s work at Casa Batllo and Casa Mila, as well as his unfinished cathedral. In Brussels the style can be seen at the Hotel Solvay and in Paris at Maxim’s and the Vagenode Restaurant. Visit Glasgow and enjoy a stylish cup of tea in the famous Willow tearooms designed by Mackintosh and his wife Margaret Macdonald Mackintosh.

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Source by Niki Schafer